Many delegates at the PCS national forum for pay negotiators were angry at the government's tight restrictions on civil service pay.
There was also anger that the government had failed to consult the union on the Treasury pay guidelines despite its commitment to do so.
One delegate commented afterwards, 'Why on earth did the leadership waste their time pushing for a lousy agreement the Treasury ignores when they should have been leading a fightback against low pay?'
Mark Serwotka, general secretary elect, received a warm response to his call for a return to national bargaining, coordinating claims and ballots for industrial action, and holding a series of local pay rallies.
He pledged union support for PCS members at the British Library currently balloting on industrial action.
Over 2,000 PCS members in the Crown Prosecution Service were being balloted over a new pay deal as Socialist Worker went to press. Their two-day strike action last month and continuing work to rule has forced management to improve the pay deal.