Socialist Worker

Muslim Brotherhood: Timeline

Issue No. 2238

1928 Muslim Brotherhood formed. Divisions develop between the increasingly conservative leadership and younger members eager for change

1940s-1952 Membership grows to one million. Crucial part of the resistance to the British occupation of Egypt.

1952-1960s Crushed by Nasser, banned and thousands of members exiled

1970s and 80s Rebuilt organisation, large numbers of students join

1978 Sadat’s concessions to Israel boost Brotherhood’s support. It eventually supports movement against the Iraq war and solidarity with Palestine—biggest demonstrations in Egypt for years

Today Able to mobilise millions, but faces internal and external contradictions between radicalism and concessions with capitalism

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Tue 8 Feb 2011, 17:25 GMT
Issue No. 2238
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