1928 Muslim Brotherhood formed. Divisions develop between the increasingly conservative leadership and younger members eager for change
1940s-1952 Membership grows to one million. Crucial part of the resistance to the British occupation of Egypt.
1952-1960s Crushed by Nasser, banned and thousands of members exiled
1970s and 80s Rebuilt organisation, large numbers of students join
1978 Sadat’s concessions to Israel boost Brotherhood’s support. It eventually supports movement against the Iraq war and solidarity with Palestine—biggest demonstrations in Egypt for years
Today Able to mobilise millions, but faces internal and external contradictions between radicalism and concessions with capitalism