- TUNISIA: Ben Ali ruled Tunisia from 1987 until brought down by a mass uprising on 14 January
- EGYPT: Hosni Mubarak ruled Egypt for 30 years. He was toppled on 11 February.
- JORDAN: King Abdullah has ruled since 1999. The regime is a staunch ally of the US. Protests swept Jordan after the Tunisian revolution, and as a result the King swore in a new government. But it is headed by former general Marouf Bakhit—a puppet of the regime.
- YEMEN: President Ali Abdullah Saleh has ruled since 1978.
The country receives huge military aid from the US. Thousands have protested in recent weeks and as a result, Saleh has said he won’t stand for re-election.
- ALGERIA: Abdelaziz Bouteflika has ruled since 1999. A state of emergency has been in place some 20 years. He is a US ally. Riots triggered by food prices forced him to say he will lift the state of emergency.
- SAUDI ARABIA: King Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz has ruled since 2005. The country is the world’s largest oil exporter and close US ally. The Egyptian revolt has sparked some small protests—the first for years.
- PALESTINE: The revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia have inspired the Palestinian people. Both Hamas and Fatah shut down protests in solidarity with the Egyptian revolution, but Palestinians in Gaza let off fireworks and shot into the air to celebrate Mubarak’s resignation.
- MOROCCO: Mohammed VI came to throne in 1999. Protests following the revolution in Tunisia forced the King to announce neither he or his son will stand again.