It is “indisputable” that the US government used torture after 11 September 2001—and top officials are ultimately to blame.
A report led by US politicians found that intelligence officers and military forces had used “cruel, inhuman and degrading” treatment of detainees.
The torture in Iraq, Afghanistan, Guantanamo Bay and secret prisons, came out of “decisions made by the nation’s highest civilian and military leaders.”
Donald Rumsfeld, then defence secretary of the Bush administration, approved interrogation methods at the US prison in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
These “included deprivation, stress positions, nudity, sensory deprivation and threatening the detainees with dogs”.
The Obama administration has refused an inquiry into torture because it would be “backward looking”. This is the most senior US report so far which confirms the extent of the torture programme.