Socialist Worker

Crisis of American 'democracy'

Issue No. 1723

Nader was right to stand

Crisis of American 'democracy'

By Sam Ashman

THE OUTCOME of the US election was hanging in the balance as Socialist Worker went to press. Not only was official politics in turmoil, but millions of ordinary people began to question the whole US electoral system. One side of this anger expressed itself when students occupied Florida's state building last week. Thousands of black people attended angry rallies over harassment at polling stations.

The votes between Republican George W Bush and Democrat Al Gore were neck and neck. The knives were quickly out for Ralph Nader, the Green Party candidate in the election. Nader won 3 percent of the poll, some 2.6 million votes, including nearly 100,000 in Florida.

In ten states Nader won 5 percent or more, and in Alaska he won 10 percent of the vote. Democrats said Nader cost them the election, and that he was on a "windmill-tilting excursion". In Britain the left Labour weekly Tribune said, "Whatever form of torture that the Bush administration and its Congressional allies inflict on America and the world for the next four years can be blamed directly on the Nader campaign." These attacks are a disgrace.

Nader was not to blame. The election was so close because of Al Gore's record. Eight years of Democrats in the White House have left working people and the poor worse off than they were under Republicans Reagan and Bush. The Democrats have demolished welfare and thrown millions into poverty. The Clinton/Gore welfare "reform" bill of 1996 smashed 60 year old welfare programmes for the poorest, abolished the Aid to Families with Dependent Children programme and devastated services with a $54 billion cuts programme. Some 1.1 million children were plunged into poverty as a result. Clinton and Gore massively expanded prison building and the use of the federal death penalty.

They abandoned their promises to introduce healthcare reform. The number of people without healthcare increased by ten million to 44 million under the Democrats. They abandoned their promise to pass legislation banning companies from replacing strikers with scab labour, and instead they used age-old legislation to outlaw strikes.

With Clinton and Gore in the White House US troops have been used around the world more times than under presidents Ford, Carter, Reagan and Bush combined. One year into Clinton/Gore's first term Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen bragged, "Who would have expected a Democratic administration to propose cutting 252,000 jobs over the next five years and bringing that one about?" Disappointment with Clinton and Gore led to the Democrats being routed in the 1994 Congress elections, handing the Republicans control of both houses of Congress for the first time in 40 years.

That is why last week's turnout was the second lowest since 1924. Only around 51 percent of the population voted. Nader is not to blame for the fact the Democrats lost both Gore and Clinton's home states-Gore and Clinton are to blame. Gore is virtually indistinguishable from Bush on policy. They both support the death penalty. They both support the "war on drugs", which is a racist war on African-Americans. The both scapegoat immigrants. They both support sanctions on Iraq.

Some say Gore will at least defend abortion rights, unlike Bush. But over the last eight years the Democrats have overseen the placing of restrictions on abortion rights in many states, including bans on late-term abortions.

It is now twice as hard to get an abortion in the US than when Clinton took office. One study found that women in some 86 percent of US counties today have no access to abortion services. Nader was right to stand up and criticise a system that has seen big business bankroll both major parties to make sure it got its way.

"You can't spoil a system that is spoiled already," says Nader, and he's right. Nader brought a breath of fresh air to the US elections that inspired millions-including some of those who voted for Gore. Nader's campaign signified a huge step forward which has laid the basis for future left challenges, and for a break-up of the two-party system. The campaign put the anti-capitalist spirit of Seattle on the agenda. It should be applauded by everyone who wants change.


Courting disgrace

MANY WERE scared into voting for the Democrats because they feared the Republicans would shift the US Supreme Court to the right, and that it might then outlaw abortion. But some of the Republican-nominated judges in the Supreme Court have more liberal voting records than those nominated by the Democrats. The original ruling legalising abortion in the US was written by a Republican. Republican judges did not outlaw abortion in the 1980s and 1990s because they knew it would provoke a social explosion.

The two judges on the Supreme Court with the worst voting records today were unopposed in the Senate by the Democrats. For one of them the vote was 98 to nil.


The two evils

Bush

  • As governor of Texas, Bush has presided over the execution of more than 140 people since 1994-more than one fifth of all executions in the US since the death penalty was restored in 1976.
  • He runs a prison system in Texas which has 147,000 inmates-more than France, Germany and Italy combined.
  • Texas has the highest rates of child poverty and malnutrition in the US.
  • Texas has the worst record for air pollution of any state in the US. Bush opposes tougher environmental controls.
  • Government spending in Texas per person, is the lowest of any state in the US.
  • Bush used the state's budget surplus to give a $1.7 billion tax break to the rich. He tried to hand over the state's welfare system to arms manufacturer Lockheed-Martin.
  • Bush backed a bill denying abortions to 17 year old women unless they have parental consent.
  • He is a former oil industry boss with close links to it to this day.

Gore

  • In Tennessee in the 1970s Al Gore campaigned against handgun registration, for the foetus's "right to life", and against homosexuality, which he called "abnormal sexual behaviour".
  • As a congressman, Gore was a supporter of the Hyde Amendment, which banned the federal funding of abortions for poor women. Gore voted against exceptions to the ban in the case of rape.
  • In 1980 he defended the tax-exempt status of private schools which bar black students.
  • He pushed the North American Free Trade Agreement through Congress.
  • He supported the 1991 Gulf War against Iraq, one of only ten Democratic senators to do so. He was also a big backer of Reagan's invasion of Grenada and backed funding for the right wing Contras in Nicaragua.
  • He claims to be an environmentalist, but Gore and Clinton passed an act in 1995 that opened up millions of acres of National Park land to logging companies.
  • Occidental Petroleum bankrolls Gore, as it did his father, also a senator. His father took a job with Occidental when he retired from politics.

Fighting record

RALPH NADER has been fighting powerful corporations since the 1960s. In 1965 he wrote Unsafe at Any Speed, a best-selling book exposing the car industry's criminal neglect of safety, particularly General Motors. GM and others tried to discredit Nader, hiring private detectives to follow him. Nader sued for harassment and used the money he won to set up a movement for consumer rights and safety.

"Nader's Raiders" have fought, and often won, laws to regulate the unsanitary conditions in the meatpacking, poultry and other industries. Nader has exposed how the trucking industry forces drivers to work long and unsafe hours, and he has fought to improve working conditions of miners. Nader was at Seattle last November to protest against the World Trade Organisation, and at the Washington protests against the IMF and World Bank. Earlier this year he joined the picket lines of striking Verizon workers who were fighting for union rights, and better wages and conditions.


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Sat 18 Nov 2000, 00:00 GMT
Issue No. 1723
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