A mass pro-democracy movement forced Hong Kong’s chief executive Carrie Lam to grant a major concession on Wednesday. But many protesters are vowing to continue their struggle until all of their demands are met.
The movement began in June in opposition to a new bill that would allow suspects in Hong Kong to be extradited to mainland China. Within days, mass protests forced Lam to suspend the bill.
Now she has made her biggest concession yet, promising that the bill will be formally withdrawn. But since June the movement has grown into a battle to win a different kind of society.
Demonstrators’ demands include the resignation of Lam, a fully independent inquiry into police violence, an amnesty for all those jailed and more democracy. Now many are repeating the slogan, “The five core demands – we will accept nothing less.”
Lawmaker Eddie Chu said that if Lam withdraws the bill “then we will change our slogan to, ‘Four key demands, we will accept nothing less’.” Protester Claudia Mo said, “This is too little, too late. The die is cast.”
Several activists took to Twitter after the news using the hashtag #5DemandsNot1Less.
Lam’s announcement is a testament to the strength of the movement in Hong Kong. Mass protests, strikes and direct action have terrified the authorities in Hong Kong and China.
At least a quarter of the population has taken part in protests. And people have continued their action for over 13 weeks – in defiance of extreme violence from cops and masked thugs.
Police have attacked protesters with batons, tear gas, pepper spray and rubber bullets.
They have fired live ammunition to try and disperse demonstrators. Many protesters wear eye patches in reference to a woman who may lose an eye after being hit by a police beanbag round.
And cops said this week that they have arrested 1,117 people since protests began on 9 June.
Lam’s climbdown came two days after some workers, school and university students began strikes and class boycotts. University student Krystal Hung said, “This is more important than school. I can catch up on my studies on my own.
“And if I don’t come out this time, I may not have another chance in the future.”
Demonstrators ramped up the pressure on the government the weekend before the strike, shutting down MTR train stations and Hong Kong international airport. Assistant commissioner of police for operations Mak Chin-ho complained on Monday, “Hong Kong had a catastrophe over the weekend.”
Lam on Wednesday also announced other measures to try and “fully allay public concerns”. These included adding more members to the police watchdog group and sending officials “into the community” to listen to ordinary people.
This falls short of an independent commission to investigate police violence. Lam admitted that her plans won’t “address all the grievances”.
The movement in Hong Kong is showing the power that ordinary people have when they take collective action. They will have to keep up the pressure to win all of their demands.