Socialist Worker

Timeline of the Albigensian Crusade

Issue No. 1970

January 1208
Pope Innocent III declares a crusade against the Languedoc region of southern France, stronghold of the heretical Cathar christian sect.

July 1209
Some 10,000 crusaders, led by Simon de Monfort attack the city of Beziers. Its population of about 10,000 is massacred. Abbot Arnaud-Amaury is recorded as saying, “Slay them all! God will know his own.”

July 1210
Citizens of Minerve surrender to the crusaders. Those willing to convert were allowed to do so but the 140 who refused are burned at the stake.

June 1226
The crusade is renewed.

April 12, 1229
A peace treaty formally ends

the Albigensian Crusade, although fighting continues for many years.

November 1229
The Inquisition is established to search out and eliminate the Cathars hiding in the Languedoc region.

March 1244
Montsegur, the largest remaining Cathar stronghold, falls after a nine month siege.

May 1255
The last Cathar stronghold, an isolated fort at Quéribus, is captured.

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Sat 1 Oct 2005, 00:00 BST
Issue No. 1970
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