Downloading PDF. Please wait... Issue 2272

Afghan timeline

This article is over 12 years, 7 months old
Issue 2272
  • 1747 Kingdom of Afghanistan was founded.
  • 1836 Lord Auckland, the British governor of India, wrote “It is not the practice of the British government to interfere with the affairs of other independent states.”
  • 1838 Britain invaded using forged documents as an excuse.
  • 1842 Urban riots erupted and the British withdraw.
  • 1868 The British invade. They were met with a general uprising in Kabul.
  • 1881 Britain withdraws again.
  • 1919 War led by King Amanullah drives back British again.
  • After 1945 Britain declined as an imperial power and was forced to grant India independence. Both US and Russia try to influence Afghanistan.
  • 1978 Communist coup leads to civil war.
  • 1979 Pro-Russian government collapses and Russians invade. During nine years of occupation, roughly a million Afghans died. The US supported elements of the Afghan resistance.
  • 1989 Russian troops leave. Around six million Afghans are in refugee camps.
  • 1994 The Taliban, which had grown up in the refugee camps, invaded from Pakistan, supported by the US.
  • 1996 Taliban take Kabul
  • 1998 US bombs Afghanistan.
  • 2001 October US and Britain launch air strikes.
  • 2001 November Taliban abandon Kabul.
  • 2002 First British soldier killed—shot by a colleague.
  • 2003 US air raid in Uruzgan kills 48, at a wedding party.
  • 2004 Presidential elections held after being delayed twice. Hamid Karzai is declared the winner.
  • 2005 Harsh winter leaves hundreds of people dead. Taliban launches an offensive.
  • 2006 British troops are in charge of Helmand province. Success against the Taliban declared
  • 2009 Obama sets a deadline of July 2011 for US forces to start withdrawing. British declare successful operation in Helmand.
  • 2010 British, US and Afghan troops launch yet another offensive in Helmand. David Cameron announces the troops won’t stay longer than necessary.

Sign up for our daily email update ‘Breakfast in Red’

Latest News

Make a donation to Socialist Worker

Help fund the resistance