Socialist Worker

Spain


Spanish civil war veteran: Sam Lesser

22 July 2006
Sam Lesser was among the first group of British volunteers that joined the International Brigade, the world force against the fascist leader Franco. "We did what we had to do," he said. At the age of 91 his voice sounds steady and his memories remain intact.

Timeline of the Spanish Revolution

22 July 2006
September 1923King Alfonso XIII scraps parliamentary monarchy, installs a military dictatorship under General Miguel Primo de Rivera.January 1930Faced with rising opposition, Primo de Rivera is replaced.April 1931The left wins local elections. The king flees Spain. Crowds enthusiastically proclaim the new Republic.October 1934Right wing government takes office. Armed miners rise and create the Asturian Commune.

Spanish civil war veteran: Penny Feiwel

22 July 2006
"I didn’t get the sack, I gave them the sack," Penny emphasised proudly. Single and unemployed, she was approached by a "left wing colleague" who explained the situation in Spain.

Fighting the fascists, creating a new world in Spain

22 July 2006
On 18 July 1936, part of the Spanish army, backed by the upper classes and the Catholic church, rose up with the intention of ending the country’s experiment in democracy and social reform (the Second Republic 1931-6).

Barcelona: the culture of revolt

22 July 2006
Could you tell us something about why Barcelona has a distinctive culture within Spain?

Spanish civil war veteran: Jack Jones

22 July 2006
Jack Jones’s political commitment blossomed at an early age. Working in the docks of Liverpool alongside his father, he became active in the union. He was still a schoolboy when he decided to join the Labour Party and at 25 he was elected to the council. By Angeles Rodenas

The Spanish Revolution 1936 to 1939

22 July 2006
Our commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the Spanish Revolution starts with Fighting the fascists, creating a new world by Andy Durgan, historical advisor on Ken Loach's Land and Freedom, examining the politics of the cilvil war.

Walter Benjamin and commodity capitalism

08 July 2006
On 15 July 1892, Walter Benjamin was born into a well heeled assimilated Jewish family in Berlin. On 26 September 1940, he was interrupted in his escape to the US from Nazi Germany. Prevented from crossing from Occupied France into Spain, weakened by illness and threatened with being handed over to the Gestapo, he chose suicide.

Under the shadow of US imperialism

03 June 2006
The Philippines archipelago, made up of over 7,000 islands, was "discovered" by the West in 1521 by the Spanish naval adventurer Ferdinand Magellan.

Ojos de Brujo: the new, vital sound of the Spanish city

01 April 2006
"Eyes of the Wizard", Ojos de Brujo in Spanish, are a group of friends who jammed together and turned into a band. They have become known for a sound rooted in flamenco, but mixed with everything – North African rai, rap, Cuban and Indian music.

Spain’s long night of fascism

19 November 2005
Thirty years ago, on 20 November 1975, Spain’s dictator General Francisco Franco died. The last of the dictators from the 1930s, he left behind him 36 years of terror and misery.

G8 Diary

02 July 2005
Friday 1 JulyG8 Alternatives opening rally5.30pm, Queens Hall, Edinburgh University. Speakers include Dennis Brutus, Haidi Giuliani, Bill Speirs, Mark Ruskell, Trevor Ngwane, Eamonn McCann.International Socialist Tendency meeting7.30pm, Gillis Centre, 100 Strathearn Road, Edinburgh EH9. Speakers include Petros Constantinou from Greece’s SEK, Chris Bambery from Socialist Worker, and a speaker from Spain’s En Lucha.

Giovanni Pesce's Testimony

30 April 2005
Giovanni Pesce was born in France to a family of anti-fascist Italian emigres working as miners. He joined the Communist Party and fought in the Spanish Civil War for the International Brigades.

Basque activist detained in Belmarsh prison for four years

26 March 2005
Iñigo Makazaga, who was on hunger strike this week, is one of Britain’s forgotten political prisoners. A Basque activist, he has been locked up in Belmarsh prison for four years because the Spanish government has applied to extradite him. His lawyer, Gareth Peirce, says evidence against him has simply been fabricated — and warns that Iñigo could face torture if he is returned to Spain.

Take a journey to the heart of Turkish culture

05 February 2005
FEAR AND hatred of all things Islamic and Middle Eastern is nothing new. Within a relatively short period of time from the 7th century, Islam spread across the Middle East, North Africa and finally into Europe itself, through Spain. Christendom was threatened and outraged. The Eastern Roman Empire faced a new foe — a new "barbarian at the gates".

Egypt: Poisoned by their bosses and then denied their pay

04 December 2004
WORKERS EMPLOYED by the Egyptian-Spanish Company for Asbestos Products in Cairo began a sit-in at the company on Saturday 20 November.

‘A local and global battle’

16 October 2004
I'M FROM the University of Barcelona. There are some 650 of us here from Barcelona and some 1,000 from all over Spain, including activists from Madrid and Bilbao.

Equatorial Guinea and the scrabble for oil deposits

04 September 2004
None of the great powers gave a damn for Equatorial Guinea’s 500,000 people when the country became independent from Spain in 1968.

A prize to keep the movement

24 April 2004
TONY BLAIR has faced another stark choice over the last few days. He could stick with his fellow war criminal George Bush and slide deeper into the blood and horror of Iraq. Or he could follow the Spanish government and withdraw troops as quickly as possible.

Rising resistance is hitting the occupation

10 April 2004
\"THEY HAVE crossed the line,\" declared Paul Bremer, the US ruler of Iraq, on Sunday. He was raging against demonstrators in the town of Najaf who clashed with Spanish-led occupation troops. The occupation troops shot down around 20 Iraqis. At least two occupying soldiers, one from El Salvador and one from the US, were killed.

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